A simple sentences includes the who/what and the action/state of the sentence:
The dog is barking. Who/what: The dog Action/state: is barking.
The dog barks. Who/what: The dog Action/state: barks.
A compound sentence combines two sentences into one using a comma and a conjunction, such as and, or, but. Ask students to write two compound sentences, checking each other’s work.
* I heard a screeching noise behind the tree. A cat sprinted past me.
o I heard a screeching noise behind the tree, and a cat sprinted past me.
* The scared cat jumped up onto my sister's shoulder. My sister screamed.
o The scared cat jumped up onto my sister's shoulder, and my sister screamed.
Combine shorter sentences into longer sentences. A complex sentence combines two clauses. When you write a complex sentence, the most important ideas should be the main, independent clause.
The world wants peace. We still have wars.
Even though the world wants peace, we still have wars.
We turn in our paper. We must write a complex sentence.
Before we turn in our paper, we must write a complex sentence.
After we turn in our completed work, we will feel a sense of accomplishment and pride.
Before I saw the movie Lord of the Rings, I read the whole series.
When you write a complex sentence, the most important ideas should be the main, independent clause.
Write Source 2000, Prepositions, 455.3
READ: Prepositional Phrases 455.1, 2
A prepositional phrase includes a preposition (such as on , above, until) and the object it explains (position, direction, relationships).
Examples: on the fridge, above the doberman, until evening
My cat was scared.
My scared cat sat on the fridge above the doberman until evening.
explaining: position direction time